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Bilca household

Bilca household includes four parts: house, stables with barn, a small house (summer kitchen) and storehouse. It is characteristic for Radauti depression, where animal breeding and agriculture are equally spread.

Bilca house is made of round beams, rudimentary shaped. The house is completely covered with clay, on the inside and on the outside, except for the ends of the upper beams which stand for consoles. Structurally, it is made up of: the living room (also kitchen) and the “large room”, a small hall and an annex under the eaves of the back roof. Dating from the second half of 19th century, this dwelling is representative for the living standards of the peasant in the ethnographic area of Rădăuţi until the second half of the 20th century.

The small house is the place where food was prepared and served in summer; it was also the retreat place for the elders when a young family was set up within the household.

Larger than similar constructions, the small house had a hall which was also used as a storeroom and access to the attic. It was made of resinous beams, carved on two or four sides or only peeled. In the corners, the traditional dovetail joints were used.

The storehouse has one room and it was used as a storage place for household tools. It was never placed too far from the dwelling house. It was made of resinous beams, carved on four sides. In the corners, the traditional dovetail joints were used.  Due to its destination, the storehouse does not have windows.

The small house and the storehouse were transferred from the same household and are dated at the beginning of the 20th century.

The stables with barn are much larger and their parts have precise destinations: stables for animals, shelter for cart, a compartment for hay, an enclosure for sheep under the eaves and, in the middle, a large space which served for carriage access from the yard and garden. The stables for animals are made of beams; the rest of the construction is made on a beam structure, completed with plank.